Discuss - Greater risk-taking in adolescents when peers are present.

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(#1) By lds on Thu 02/27/2014 02:20 pm CST (3 years ago)
Replications and extensions of Gardner & Steinberg

Direct replication, with brain imaging: Chein, J., Albert, D., O’Brien, L., Uckert, K., & Steinberg, L. (2011). Peers increase adolescent risk taking by enhancing activity in the brain’s reward circuitry. Developmental Science, 14, F1–F10.

Peer effects on adolescent reward processing (hypothesized to be the underlying mechanism): O’Brien, L., Albert, D., Chein, J., & Steinberg, L. (2011). Adolescents prefer more immediate rewards when in the presence of their peers. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 747-753.

Effects of virtual peer on adolescents' reward processing: Weigard, A., Chein, J., Albert, D., Smith, A., & Steinberg, L. (2014). Effects of anonymous peer observation on adolescents’ preference for immediate rewards. Developmental Science, 17, 71-78.

Peer effects on risk-taking using a gambling task: Smith, A., Chein, J., & Steinberg, L. (2014). Peers increase adolescent risk taking even when the probabilities of negative outcomes are known. Developmental Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0035696.

Replication of peer effect on reward-seeking using a rodent model: Logue, S., Chein, J., Gould, T., Holliday, E., & Steinberg, L. (2014). Adolescent mice, unlike adults, consume more alcohol in the presence of peers than alone. Developmental Science, 17, 79-85.

Real-world evidence showing peer effects on teen drivers: Simons-Morton B, Lerner N, Singer J. The observed effects of teenage passengers on the risky driving behavior of teenage drivers. Accid Anal Prev, 2005;37:973–82; Curry, A., et al. (2012). Peer passengers: How do they affect teen crashes. Journal of Adolesent Health, 50, 588-594; Chen et al., (2000). Carrying passengers as a risk factor for crashes fatal to 16- and 17-year-old drivers, JAMA, 283, 1578-1582.

 

 

 

 

 

 

(#2) By c on Thu 08/27/2015 08:00 pm CDT (1 year ago)

All of these are in the same lab as the original author.  

Clsoe reading of these studies shows the authors take un-supported leaps from findings to implications.

Real world evidence shows kids drive faster/more dangerously when their friends are in the car with them. This is not a replication. 

 

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