What are important studies that your field of Psychology gives credence to, but which--as far as you know--have not been replicated in any published follow-up work? (Up to 3 votes per person--see links below to vote for one of the studies already nominated--or nominate & vote for another study of your choosing.) (What is the goal in creating this list?)

Rank CitationFinding Discussion of Study
1Jaeggi, S., Buschkuehl, M., Jonides, J., Perrig, W. (2008). Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory. PNAS 105(19), 6829-6833. 10 - 20 sessions of doing n-back task raises fluid IQ as measured with RavensDiscuss (12 postings)
2Cohen, G. L., Garcia, J., Apfel, N., & Master, A. (2006). Reducing the racial achievement gap: A social-psychological intervention. Science, 313, 1307-1310.Writing brief paragraph on important values improves academic achievement over subsequent yearDiscuss (6 postings)
3Baumeister, R.F., Bratslavsky, E., Muraven, M., & Tice, D.M. (1998). Ego depletion: Is the active self a limited resource? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1252-1265.Eating radishes instead of chocolate cookies caused participants to give up working on unsolvable problems sooner than participants that ate the cookies.Discuss (2 postings)
4Williams, L. E., & Bargh, J. A. (2008). Experiencing physical warmth influences interpersonal warmth. Science, 322, 606-607. Holding warm vs. cold cup of coffee influence warmth ratings of a target other.Discuss (1 postings)
5Ramirez, G. & Beilock, S. L. (2011). Writing about testing worries boosts exam performance in the classroom. Science, 331, 211-213.Huge exam-score increases resulting from anxiety-reducing interventions deserve replication. IDiscuss (1 postings)
6Anderson MC, Ochsner KN, Kuhl B, Cooper J, Robertson E, Gabrieli SW, Glover GH, Gabrieli JD. Neural systems underlying the suppression of unwanted memories. Science. 2004 Jan 9;303(5655):232-5. Famously "debunked" by Bulevich et al., 2006, directed forgetting still thrives...Discuss
7Anderson, M. C., & Spellman, B. A. (1995). On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition: Memory retrieval as a model case. Psychological Review, 102, 68-100.Cue Independent Retrieval Inhibition (Experiments 1 or 2)Discuss
8Gardner, M., & Steinberg, L. (2005). Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 41(4), 625-635.Greater risk-taking in adolescents when peers are present.Discuss (2 postings)
9Rosenthal, R. & Jacobson, L. (1966). Teachers’ Expectancies: Determinants Of Pupils’ IQ Gains. Psychological Reports, 19, 115-118 Students who are believed by teachers to be intellectually gifted (but are randomly selected) show greater gains in IQ than do control children. Discuss (1 postings)
10Moreno S, Bialystok E, Barac R, Schellenberg EG, Cepeda NJ, Chau T. (2011). Short-term music training enhances verbal intelligence and executive function. Psychological Science, 22(11), 1425-33.twenty days of music training in children increases verbal IQ (Wechsler vocabulary subtest)Discuss
11Stewart, L.H., Ajina, S., Getov, S, Todorov, A., Bahrami, B., Rees, G. (2012) Unconscious evaluation of faces on social dimensions, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141, 715-727The authors report that untrustworthy faces are suppressed more than trustworthy faces in a continuous flash suppression paradigm.Discuss
12Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. L. (2005). Unconscious affective reactions to masked happy versus angry faces influence consumption behavior and judgments of value. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1, 121-135Seeing subliminal smile-faces makes people drink more kool aid; seeing frown-faces makes them drink less.Discuss
13 Luck, S. J., & Vogel, E. K. (1997). The capacity of visual working memory for features and conjunctions. Nature, 390, 279-281"objects defined by a conjunction of four features can be retained in working memory just as well as single-feature objects"Discuss (2 postings)
14Wheatley, T., & Haidt, J. (2005). Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe. Psychological Science, 16(10), 780-784.Disgust induced while under hypnosis affected moral judgments Discuss
15Troisi, J.D., & Gabriel, S. (2011). Chicken soup really is good for the soul: "Comfort food" fulfills the need to belong. Psychological Science, 22, 747-753.Eating comfort food increases completion of word fragments with relationship-related wordsDiscuss
16Levy, B. (1996). Improving memory in old age through implicit self-stereotyping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 1092-1107.Subliminal priming of negative aging stereotypes decreases memory performance in older adults.Discuss
17Levy, B. (2000). Handwriting as a reflection of aging self-stereotypes. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 33, 81-94.Subliminal priming of aging stereotypes affects older adults handwriting.Discuss
18Haselton, M. G., & Gangestad, S. W. (2006). Conditional expression of women's desires and men's mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 49, 509-518. Ovulating women (n=38) report more flirtation by mates, but only when mates are "low in sexual attractiveness relative to investment attractiveness" Discuss (2 postings)
19Bargh, J.A., Gollwitzer, P. M., Lee-Chai, A., Barndollar, K., & Troetschel, R. (2001). The automated will: Nonconscious activation and pursuit of behavioral goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1014-1027 (Experiment 1)People exposed to words like 'bother' 'disturb', 'brazen' and 'impolitely' were quicker to interrupt the experimenter with a question.Discuss (1 postings)
20Beilock, S.L., Gunderson, E.A., Ramirez, G., & Levine, S.C. (2010). Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 107(5): 1860–1863Female and not male students of math-anxious teachers are more likely to endorse gender stereotyped beliefs about math ability and perform worse on math tests.Discuss

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