Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness (#249)
How to Cite this Report
How to Cite this Report
|Reference to Original Report of Finding||Elliot, Andrew J., & Niesta, Daniela. (2008) Romantic Red: Red Enhances Men’s Attraction to Women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1150-1164|
|Title||Background Color on Perceived Attractiveness|
|If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'.||Experiment 1|
|Link to PDF of Original Report|
|Brief Statement of Original Result||The subjects were shown a black and white photo of a woman on a red or a white background. Elliot and Niesta (2008) found that men perceived the woman more attractive when presented on the red background than the white background.|
|Type of Replication Attempted||Highly Direct Replication|
|Result Type||Successful Replication|
|Difference?||Same Direction, .001|
|Number of Subjects||44|
|Number of Subjects in Original Study||27|
|Year in which Replication Attempt was Made||2016|
|Name of Investigators (Real Names Required)||Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca, Bryan R. Burnham|
|Detailed Description of Method/Results||
A power analysis based on the effect size of the original experiment (d = 1.22) indicated we would need at least n = 24 subjects to detect an effect of that size with Power (1-β) = .80 and α = .05|
Male subjects participated in a brief survey. The subjects ranged in age from 18 to 23 years (M = 19.86, SD = 1.19).
Each subject was randomly assigned to a red photo background group (n = 22) or a white photo background group (n = 22). A manila folders, that was handed to each subject, contained a black and white photograph of a woman’s head and upper torso with a neutral expression on her face. The photo was centered on a red background or on a white background. A brief survey asked the subjects their age and to rate the woman’s attractiveness on a scale ranging from 1 (extremely unattractive) to 9 (extremely attractive).
The experimenters approached every ninth male who entered The DeNaples Center at The University of Scranton and asked them whether they would be willing to participate in a one-minute survey. The subjects were randomly assigned by the experimenters to the red background group or the white background group.
An independent groups t-test was used to examine whether the woman in the photo was perceived as more attractive with the red background compared to the white background. It was found that the subjects in the white background group (M = 6.32, SD = 0.78) provided lower attractiveness ratings than those in the red background group (M = 7.23, SD = 0.75). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant, t(42) = -3.937, SE = .223, p <.001, d = 1.22.
|Any Known Methodological Differences |
(between original and present study)?
|We had more subjects in our study than the original study by Elliot and Niesta (2008). Our replication study also took place in a public location on a college campus, whereas the original study was conducted in a closed environment.|
|Email of Investigator|
|Name of individuals who |
actually carried out the project
|Allessandra K. Buzad, Kimberly Bravo, Amanda M. Del Vecchio, Nicholas A. Kuryluk, Theresa F. Mazzuca|
|Location of Project||The DeNaples Center, The University of Scranton|
|Characteristics of Subjects |
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
Male college students from around campus
|Where did these subjects reside?||United States|
|Was this a Class Project?||No|
|Further Details of Results as pdf|
|Email of Original Investigator|
|I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.|
|TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking|