Secrets are experienced as physical burdens (#220)

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How to Cite this Report

APA Style

Cobb, G., Kirvin-Quamme, A., Kube, E., Rodriguez, R., & Holmes, K. J.. Secrets are experienced as physical burdens . (2015, April 30). Retrieved 19:00, March 24, 2017 from http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjIw

MLA Style

"Secrets are experienced as physical burdens " Cobb, G., Kirvin-Quamme, A., Kube, E., Rodriguez, R., & Holmes, K. J.. 30 Apr 2015 15:36 24 Mar 2017, 19:00 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjIw>

MHRA Style

'Secrets are experienced as physical burdens ', Cobb, G., Kirvin-Quamme, A., Kube, E., Rodriguez, R., & Holmes, K. J., , 30 April 2015 15:36 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjIw> [accessed 24 March 2017]

Chicago Style

"Secrets are experienced as physical burdens ", Cobb, G., Kirvin-Quamme, A., Kube, E., Rodriguez, R., & Holmes, K. J., , http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjIw (accessed March 24, 2017)

CBE/CSE Style

Secrets are experienced as physical burdens [Internet]. Cobb, G., Kirvin-Quamme, A., Kube, E., Rodriguez, R., & Holmes, K. J.; 2015 Apr 30, 15:36 [cited 2017 Mar 24]. Available from: http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MjIw

Reference to Original Report of Finding Slepian, M. L., Masicampo, E. J., Toosi, N. R., & Ambady, N. (2012). The physical burden of secrets. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141, 619–624.
Title Secrets are experienced as physical burdens
If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'. Study 2
Link to PDF of Original ReportView Article
Brief Statement of Original Result People who think of burdensome secrets while tossing a beanbag tend to overthrow the beanbag to a larger degree than do people who think of trivial secrets while tossing a beanbag.
Type of Replication Attempted Highly Direct Replication
Result Type Failure to Replicate
Difference? Same Direction, .17
Number of Subjects 60
Number of Subjects in Original Study 36
Year in which Replication Attempt was Made 2014
Name of Investigators (Real Names Required) Cobb, G., Kirvin-Quamme, A., Kube, E., Rodriguez, R., & Holmes, K. J.
Detailed Description of Method/Results Students were approached randomly outside of a college dining hall and invited to participate. The materials consisted of a 109-g beanbag and a target constructed from masking tape. A 60-cm stretch of masking tape was placed on the ground with an “X” (the target) in the middle.

Participants were given 30 seconds to recall either a meaningful or trivial personal secret, based on random assignment. After 30 seconds, they were asked to relay to the experimenter a few vague words pertaining to their secret. Participants then tossed a beanbag at a target 265 cm away while thinking of the secret. Following Slepian et al. (2012), the dependent measure was the distance thrown in centimeters, with distances underthrown recorded as negative values, accurate tosses as zero, and distances overthrown as positive values. Distances were recorded perpendicular to the line of masking tape.

As visual inspection of the data suggested outliers, the raw data were converted to z-scores. Individual values with z-scores greater than 2.5 (n = 2) were excluded. An independent-samples t-test on the remaining data showed that the distances thrown did not differ significantly by secret size (meaningful vs. trivial), t(56) = -1.19, p = 0.24. Following Slepian et al. (2012), we also used a Mann-Whitney U test, which again showed no significant effect of secret size on distance thrown, U = 357.50, p = 0.17.

Slepian et al. (2012) found that recalling meaningful secrets led to significantly greater overthrow distance compared to recalling trivial secrets. Although this result did not reach significance in the present study, the mean overthrow distances in the two conditions were in the same direction as the original effect, with participants recalling small secrets overthrowing less (M = 0.35 cm, SD = 20.29) than those recalling meaningful secrets (M = 6.01 cm, SD = 15.77).

Any Known Methodological Differences
(between original and present study)?
The present study was conducted in a busy student center where participants may have been prone to distraction. The original study was presumably conducted in a lab setting.
Email of Investigator
Name of individuals who
actually carried out the project
Colorado College Psychology students
Location of ProjectColorado College, Colorado Springs
Characteristics of Subjects
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
University students from subject pool
Colorado College undergraduates participated in exchange for entry into a raffle for a $20 gift certificate.
Where did these subjects reside?United States
Was this a Class Project?Yes
Further Details of Results as pdf
Additional Comments
Email of Original Investigator
Quantitive Information
I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.
TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking

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