No effect on intelligence from priming (#143)

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How to Cite this Report

APA Style

Meigan S. Roberts, William Crooks, Tyler J. Kolody, Teodora Pavlovic, Kailey J. Rombola, and Lionel G. Standing. No effect on intelligence from priming. (2013, January 01). Retrieved 03:49, December 22, 2014 from http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTQz

MLA Style

"No effect on intelligence from priming" Meigan S. Roberts, William Crooks, Tyler J. Kolody, Teodora Pavlovic, Kailey J. Rombola, and Lionel G. Standing. 01 Jan 2013 10:46 22 Dec 2014, 03:49 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTQz>

MHRA Style

'No effect on intelligence from priming', Meigan S. Roberts, William Crooks, Tyler J. Kolody, Teodora Pavlovic, Kailey J. Rombola, and Lionel G. Standing, , 01 January 2013 10:46 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTQz> [accessed 22 December 2014]

Chicago Style

"No effect on intelligence from priming", Meigan S. Roberts, William Crooks, Tyler J. Kolody, Teodora Pavlovic, Kailey J. Rombola, and Lionel G. Standing, , http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTQz (accessed December 22, 2014)

CBE/CSE Style

No effect on intelligence from priming [Internet]. Meigan S. Roberts, William Crooks, Tyler J. Kolody, Teodora Pavlovic, Kailey J. Rombola, and Lionel G. Standing; 2013 Jan 01, 10:46 [cited 2014 Dec 22]. Available from: http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTQz

Reference to Original Report of Finding Dijksterhuis, A., & van Knippenberg, A. (1998). The relation between perception and behavior, or how to win a game of Trivial Pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 865-877.
Title No effect on intelligence from priming
If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'. Experiment 4
Link to PDF of Original Report
Brief Statement of Original Result Student subjects were primed with either a trait (intelligence or stupidity), or a stereotype (professor or hooligan). They then took a test of 20 muliple choice questions based on Trivial Pursuit. Both positive primes raised scores.
Type of Replication Attempted Fairly Direct Replication
Result Type Failure to Replicate
Difference? No
Number of Subjects 48
Number of Subjects in Original Study 43
Year in which Replication Attempt was Made 2012
Name of Investigators (Real Names Required) Meigan S. Roberts, William Crooks, Tyler J. Kolody, Teodora Pavlovic, Kailey J. Rombola, and Lionel G. Standing
Detailed Description of Method/Results Method
Student subjects were randomly assigned to one of 4 cells in a 2x2 design: target (stereotype or trait) x prime direction (intelligent or stupid).

They then were primed by thinking about EITHER a professor or a hooligan, OR the trait of intelligence or stupidity, for 5 min. During this time, they wrote down the behaviours associated with this stereotype or trait.

They then took a test of 20 multiple-choice questions taken from Trivial Pursuit. Demographic data were recorded and they were thankied and debriefed. Subjects were tested in small groups.

Results
Mean correct responses (SD) in 20 items were:

STEREOTYPE
- Intelligence prime 11.20 (1.75)
- Stupidity prime 10.69 (2.63)

TRAIT
- Intelligence prime 10.00 (2.34)
- Stupidity prime 10.77 (1.83)

No effect of the direction of prime was found, F(1, 44) = .042, p = .84. There was no difference between trait and stereotype priming, F(1, 44) = .781, p = .38, and no interaction of target and direction of prime, F (1, 44) = 1.01, p = .32.

For the stereotype, the positive prime raised scores slightly (d = .22), but for the trait, it decreased them (d = -.37).

No effect on scores was found from the subjects' sex or age.



Any Known Methodological Differences
(between original and present study)?
The randomization and instructions were conveyed by printed sheets rather than a computer screen. Ice hockey hooligans rather than soccer hooligans were specified, to fit with the local culture.
Email of Investigator
Name of individuals who
actually carried out the project
The first five authors ran the subjects; L.Standing analyzed the data
Location of ProjectNicolls 316, Bishop's University
Characteristics of Subjects
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
University students from subject pool
Unpaid volunteers
Where did these subjects reside?Canada
Was this a Class Project?Yes
Further Details of Results as pdf PDF

Additional Comments
Email of Original Investigator
Quantitive Information The original article reports increased scores of 26% overall from priming, for trait and stereotype pooled (effect size .85) We found an overall decrease in scores after positive priming of 1.2%.
I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.
TAG: Attention TAG: JDM TAG: Language TAG: Learning TAG: Memory TAG: Perception TAG: Performance TAG: Problem Solving TAG: Social Cognition TAG: Social Psychology TAG: Thinking

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