Higher SES predicts unethical decision making (#131)

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APA Style

Jennifer Lyons, Kristen Born, Jamie Pearsen, Melissa Fox, Corinne Collins, Emily Trosch, Kimberly Daubman. Higher SES predicts unethical decision making. (2012, September 24). Retrieved 16:12, October 22, 2017 from http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTMx

MLA Style

"Higher SES predicts unethical decision making" Jennifer Lyons, Kristen Born, Jamie Pearsen, Melissa Fox, Corinne Collins, Emily Trosch, Kimberly Daubman. 24 Sep 2012 11:57 22 Oct 2017, 16:12 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTMx>

MHRA Style

'Higher SES predicts unethical decision making', Jennifer Lyons, Kristen Born, Jamie Pearsen, Melissa Fox, Corinne Collins, Emily Trosch, Kimberly Daubman, , 24 September 2012 11:57 <http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTMx> [accessed 22 October 2017]

Chicago Style

"Higher SES predicts unethical decision making", Jennifer Lyons, Kristen Born, Jamie Pearsen, Melissa Fox, Corinne Collins, Emily Trosch, Kimberly Daubman, , http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTMx (accessed October 22, 2017)

CBE/CSE Style

Higher SES predicts unethical decision making [Internet]. Jennifer Lyons, Kristen Born, Jamie Pearsen, Melissa Fox, Corinne Collins, Emily Trosch, Kimberly Daubman; 2012 Sep 24, 11:57 [cited 2017 Oct 22]. Available from: http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTMx

Reference to Original Report of Finding Piff, P. K., Stancato, D. M., Cote, S., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Keltner, D. (2012). Higher social class predicts increased unethical behavior. PNAS, 109 (11), 4086-4091.
Title Higher SES predicts unethical decision making
If the original article contained multiple experiments, which one did you attempt to replicate? e.g., you might respond 'Study 1' or 'Experiment 4'. Study 3
Link to PDF of Original ReportView Article
Brief Statement of Original Result The original study found a positive correlation between subjective socioeconomic status and more unethical decision making.
Type of Replication Attempted Fairly Direct Replication
Result Type Successful Replication
Difference? Not Applicable
Number of Subjects 96
Number of Subjects in Original Study 105
Year in which Replication Attempt was Made 2012
Name of Investigators (Real Names Required) Jennifer Lyons, Kristen Born, Jamie Pearsen, Melissa Fox, Corinne Collins, Emily Trosch, Kimberly Daubman
Detailed Description of Method/Results Method: Each of six student researchers approached 16 fellow students at various public locations on campus and asked them to participate in a study on decision making. After they agreed, participants were given eight ethical scenarios (identical to those used in the original study) and asked to indicate the likelihood (1=not likely; 7=highly likely) that they would engage in the unethical behavior described in the scenario. Next, using the MacArthur subjective SES scale, participants indicated their SES by placing themselves on a 10-rung ladder, with higher rungs indicated higher SES.

Results: We first computed a Cronbach’s alpha for the eight scenarios. Since this was high (alpha=.70), we averaged participants’ scores on the eight scenarios for our index of unethical decision making. We then ran a Pearson’s correlation between SES and unethical decision making, and found it to be significant, r(95)=.20, p=.024 (one-tailed).

Any Known Methodological Differences
(between original and present study)?
The participants in the original study were more ethnically diverse than those in our sample in which 94% identified as Caucasian. Also, in the original study, participants provided their responses at individual computer terminals whereas in our study, participants gave their responses on paper at various public locations on campus. We also omitted filler questions and a measure of unethical decision-making tendencies used in the original study.
Email of Investigator
Name of individuals who
actually carried out the project
The first six authors collected and analyzed the data under the supervision of the seventh author.
Location of ProjectBucknell University public places
Characteristics of Subjects
(subject pool, paid, etc.)
Other
University students who were not paid and were not part of the General Psychology subject pool.
Where did these subjects reside?United States
Was this a Class Project?Yes
Further Details of Results as pdf
Additional Comments
Email of Original Investigator
Quantitive Information In the original study, the following statistics for unethical decision making were reported: M=4.39, SD=1.08, Cronbach’s alpha=.68. Our study found remarkably similar statistics for unethical deci
I have complied with ethical standards for experimentation on human beings and, if necessary, have obtained appropriate permission from an Institutional Review Board or other oversight group.
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